Jürgen Manthey, born 1932 in Forst, Lausitz; died 2018 in Lübeck, was a publishing editor, author and literary scholar. He was a member of the PEN Center Germany.
Manthey headed the literature editorial department at Hessischer Rundfunk. He was chief editor at Rowohlt Verlag, edited the Rowohlt literary magazine and the series "das neue buch". In 1998 he published his monography on Hans Fallada.
From 1986 to 1998 he was Professor of Comparative Literature at the University of Essen. During his last decades he lived in Lübeck as a freelance author and literary critic. He became widely known for his book on "Königsberg. History of a Cosmopolitan Republic" (Munich 2005). In the last ten years of his life he worked on an unfinished project on "Schicksalsjahre des Ostseeraums".