Bo Carpelan (1926 -2011) was a prolific Finnish poet, novelist, dramatist, literary critic, and translator, whose career spanned over six decades. Bo Carpelan wrote in Swedish. He won the prestigious Finlandia Prize twice – in 1993 for Urwind, about the memories and mysterious visions of an antiquarian bookseller, and in 2005 for the novel Berg. However, Carpelan always considered poetry to be his "true homeland".
Carpelan won several times the Finnish State Literature Prize, the literature prize of the Nordic Council in 1977 for I de mörka rummen, i de ljusa (1976), the Nordic Prize of the Academy of Sweden in 1997, and the French Prix Européen de Littérature (2006).
Bo Carpelan died of cancer on February 11, 2011, in Espoo.